The paper investigates regulatory and institutional frameworks for organic agriculture and organic food production/processing along the existing incentives and flexibility schemes for small farmers and nano-food producers under broad notion of short food supply chains or SFSC in V4 countries. Screening the 2ndary regulations, discussing institutional layouts, farmers’ organization, markets’ structure, further outlying the peculiarities of each of V4, this aggregated report aims to identify the best or optimal practices to be transferred and adjusted in 3 AA EaP, along drawbacks and bottlenecks to be avoided.
To further advance and promote the EU voluntary food quality schemes (PGI/PDO/TSG) for non-wine products in Moldova, the regulators along with the key industry stakeholders must get together and substantially improve access & competitiveness of control system for the GIs.
The offer of institutions performing controls of PGIs specifications or Control Bodies/CB, holding the required accreditation or reaccreditation issued by the National Accreditation Center in Moldova (MOLDAC), being in line with the international standards, including EN 45011, AA/DCFTA and national laws of Moldova is stunningly limited.
The problem is fairly urgent and acute what regards Control Bodies for PGI/PDO/TSG non-wine food products in particular: in Moldova there is no single operational CB holding a valid and full EU GIs accreditation: for given non-wine product category e.g. dairy or fruit preserves, depending on the product as well as the EU recognized PGI/PDO/TSG accreditation.
The protection of geographical indications matters economically, socially and culturally. They can create added value for local communities through products that are deeply rooted in tradition, culture and geography. Support sustainable rural development and create or leverage new job opportunities in production, processing and high added value services, tourism in particular. The number of EC registered GIs in V4 countries is far from impressive, nevertheless a trend to register more and more GIs is noticeable and on-rise. The consolidated paper provides an overview of two main categories of geographical indications, which are: protected geographical indication (PGIs) and protected designation of origin (PDOs) in V4 countries, namely Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic and Hungary.
Establishment of accredited and operational Control Body, in line and imbedded in AA and relevant, though broadly missing or inconsistent, acquis approximated, 2ndary regulation or by-laws (the Gov. Decisions) stands as a major challenge and prerequisite for streaming of on-going GIs certification and attracting new applications, both under GIs as well as Organic (Bio&Eco). The feasible, mid-term solution is to est. and feed local, cross-sectoral partnership-based, properly accredited, semipublic or semi-private control body to streamline the GIs control process, effectively triggering SFSC development in Moldova.